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Month: January 2024 (page 1 of 1)

Hardwood Floor Refinishing Basics

Hardwood Floor Refinishing NJ is a process that resets hardwood floors and extends their longevity. During this process, a new sheen is applied to the wood flooring. Sheen options range from high gloss, which offers a shiny finish to matte and satin finishes that provide a subdued look.

Hardwood Floor Refinishing

Before refinishing, remove all furniture from the room that is being sanded and cover fixtures and appliances with plastic tarps. This will help to contain the dust that is created during this stage of the process.

When refinishing hardwood floors, it’s critical that you start with a pristinely clean surface. If you don’t, you will have tiny dust particles mixed into your new finish, which will leave the floor looking terrible. This is especially true if you are using a drum sander that is particularly noisy, which will also leave a fine layer of dust behind. So before you sand, sweep the entire room and vacuum it several times. It’s also a good idea to remove heating grates, old carpet tacks and baseboards (unless you are planning to replace them).

Once the room is completely clean, it’s time for the first round of sanding. Use a large drum sander with 60-grit sandpaper to sand the entire floor, including the edges. Once you’ve sanded the floor, it’s important to let it dry for 24 hours or so. After that, vacuum again to pick up any remaining dust from the sanding process. This is when it’s also a good idea to remove window ledges and framework, as well as any other wall items that could get covered by the fresh stain.

After the floor is completely dry, you’re ready for the second pass of sanding. This time, you’ll want to use an 80-grit sanding pad. This will help eliminate any scratches that were left behind by the 60-grit sanding. Once again, it’s important to let the floor dry for 24 hours before moving on to the staining process.

When it comes to refinishing hardwood floors, there are two options: acid cured or water-based, and polyurethane or satin (via Pro Floor Tips). The best option for most DIYers is probably the polyurethane because it’s more durable than water-based finishes. It’s also easy to apply, and can be done with a buffer.

One important thing to remember is that refinishing can be expensive, especially if it’s done professionally. If your floors aren’t that damaged, however, you can often save money by having them buffed and recoated rather than completely refinished. This will also keep your floors protected and can hide minor damage like light scratches, which can occur without sanding down to the wood itself.


Cleaning is a crucial step in the refinishing process. The frequency of cleaning depends on the amount of foot traffic and the presence of pets and kids. A light dusting with a Swiffer or vacuum cleaner made for hardwood floors is recommended daily to remove loose dirt, dust and other debris. Regular mopping is also a good idea. Use the cleaning product recommended by your floor finisher, or, if that’s not available, a mild, pH-neutral soap, such as liquid dishwashing detergent or Murphy Oil Soap (which doesn’t contain oil) mixed with water to form a solution. Avoid using waxes, oils or furniture sprays; they leave residues that attract dirt and make your floors slippery.

If your floors have a penetrating oil sealer, they’ll need to be re-oiled every three to five years. If you want your floors to shine, consider having them buffed after this treatment. This will buff away the old sealant, revealing newer layers of oiled wood and adding sheen.

Staining is another option for revitalizing your floors. The type of stain you choose will depend on the color you want and how much protection you require. Experts recommend choosing a polyurethane stain with UV inhibitors to protect against sun damage, and an alkyd oil-based stain for durability.

Before applying the stain, sand your floors to remove any previous finish and to make them smooth. Follow the manufacturer’s instructions for applying the stain and be sure to allow adequate drying time between coats.

Once the stain is dry, resand again and clean thoroughly. Then, reapply a second and third coat of stain to achieve your desired level of sheen and protection.

Stubborn stains can be removed with hydrogen peroxide or white vinegar. If using vinegar, soak a cloth in the solution and rub over the stained area. The acid in the vinegar will help remove dark marks and stains without damaging most hardwood flooring finishes.

To prevent future stains, adopt a no-shoe policy and place doormats inside and outside each door. Add rugs under any furnishings that are heavy or have sharp edges, and put felt pads under pet food and water bowls to keep them from scratching the floor. Clean up spills immediately, and don’t let them sit on your floors; this can cause rot and attract more dirt.


Staining is a crucial step in the hardwood floor restoration process, as this is what breathes life into worn or lackluster floors. Whether you decide to stain or not depends on several factors, including the color of the wood and the overall look you’re envisioning. If the decision is made to stain, the first step is testing the stain on a hidden section or scrap piece of wood to ensure you’re happy with the color and results. If you choose to apply the stain with a brush, it’s recommended that you work in manageable sections and use the direction of the grain for better penetration.

If you’re unsure which type of stain to choose, consider oil-based stains, as they are more durable and tend to darken more with additional coats. The downside is that they take longer to dry and can produce strong fumes, so proper ventilation is necessary during the staining process.

Once the stain is dry, it’s time to protect it with a finish. This can be either a water or an oil-based polyurethane, depending on the type of look you’re seeking. A water-based polyurethane will be lustrous and show brush strokes and applicator marks, while an oil-based finish provides a more traditional hardwood flooring look with its shiny, clear finish.

Regardless of which type of finish you choose, it’s important to follow the manufacturer’s instructions for application. A polyurethane will need to be allowed to dry thoroughly, and this can take up to 48 hours under ideal conditions.

Once the finish has dried, it’s a good idea to sweep and vacuum the floors to remove any residue and dirt from the surface. A clean floor will stay cleaner for longer and also be less likely to harbor dust and allergens. It’s possible that you’ll need to reapply the sealant two or three times for an even appearance, and this is not uncommon. After the final sealant has been applied, it’s a good idea to set up floor mats both inside and outside doors to prevent tracked-in debris from scratching the freshly refinished floors.


Hardwood floors are a beautiful and durable addition to any home. They’re not invincible, however, and can begin to show signs of wear and tear over time, such as scuffs, scratches, and discoloration. This may prompt homeowners to decide that it’s time to refinish or reseal their hardwood floors. It’s important to understand the difference between these processes, as well as the benefits and costs of each, in order to make an informed decision.

Refinishing involves removing the existing layer of finish, sanding the wood down to bare boards, and then reapplying a new coating to protect the wood. This is a labor-intensive process that can take up to seven days, depending on the size of the room and the type of finish used. It’s also important to choose a high-quality finish that is low in VOC (volatile organic compound) and has a tinting base that allows you to change the color of the hardwood.

If your hardwood floors are in good condition but have begun to show some signs of age, resealing them may be a more cost-effective and quicker option. This process involves applying a new coat of polyurethane to the existing finish, which can be done in one or two days. It’s important to use a low-VOC, water-based polyurethane that has been formulated to be safe for indoor air quality.

Both refinishing and resealing require professional equipment, so hiring a professional may be a smart move for homeowners who are not comfortable doing the job themselves. Hiring a professional can also be a good idea if you have a large room or plan to refinish your entire house, as mistakes on hardwood floors can be costly and difficult to fix.

While refinishing is an expensive process, it can restore your hardwood floors to their original beauty and extend their lifespan. It’s important to keep in mind, however, that refinishing is not a permanent solution; it will need to be repeated regularly to ensure that your hardwood floors maintain their beauty and durability. Regular resealing and buffing is the best way to preserve your hardwood floors, and can help extend the length of time between refinishing.

Tips for a Successful Bathroom Remodel

Richmond VA Bathroom Remodel can add value to your home, but the project’s costs can escalate quickly. Professional contractors can provide vetted estimates and navigate permits and building board approvals on your behalf, which saves you time and hassle.

 Bathroom Remodel

A full bathroom remodel typically includes layout changes, such as converting the tub into a shower or enlarging the window. Other upgrades include resurfacing countertops, installing a new vanity, and adding storage.

Before you can decide what kind of paint color or bathroom tile ideas will best suit your style, it’s important to think about the overall layout and functionality of the room. This is especially true if you’re remodeling an existing bathroom. As a general rule, the plumbing will be in place, and it’s often cost-prohibitive to move sewer lines and load-bearing walls, so you’ll need to work with what’s already there.

Start by figuring out who will be using the bathroom and how. A primary bathroom that’s used by two people at different times of the day will require a different layout than a guest bath that’s only used by guests once or twice a month.

If the current layout works well and you’re happy with where the toilet, sink(s), tub, and shower are located, it might be a good idea to simply freshen up the decor, rather than completely rework the space. This could be as simple as removing a tired-looking window treatment or sprucing up the light fixture.

Another way to give an outdated bathroom a new lease on life is by increasing storage capacity. This can be as easy as installing a few extra shelves in the corner of the room or as complicated as adding a built-in vanity with plenty of drawers and cabinets.

Once you’ve established a workable layout and decided whether to rework the size of the room, you can start thinking about how the lighting will work. Look for ways to maximize natural light (be sure all outlets are GFCI) and consider the use of artificial light as needed.

You should also consider how much time you spend in the bath and what features are most important to you. For example, if you spend a lot of time brushing your teeth, it might be worth relocating the toilet so that it’s not as far away from the sink and vanity. If you enjoy soaking in the tub, then a freestanding bathtub might be worth considering. Likewise, if you’re going for a modern bathroom design, it might be a good idea to opt for a sleek, wall-mounted toilet rather than a traditional pedestal model.

In addition to cosmetic and structural changes, a remodel can also involve upgrading the plumbing and electrical system. This is where you may encounter a few challenges that can delay the project, such as having to replace old pipes and relocating the location of fixtures. However, a good contractor can make these projects run smoothly and efficiently with minimal interruptions to your daily routine.

Depending on the complexity of the work, it could take days to a few weeks for a bathroom remodeling project. Some projects, like replacing a tub or shower, can be completed in one day by a professional crew. It is important to communicate with your contractor about ideal timeframes so they can ensure the project meets your expectations and avoid any delays in completing the work.

Before you reach out to contractors, spend some time thinking about your vision for the space. This will help you determine your goals for the remodel and make sure all of your questions are answered. A great way to do this is by creating a wish list of must-haves and nice-to-haves. This will also allow you to prioritize your budget and timeframe.

You should also be aware of where your bathroom’s water and electrical connections are located so that you do not accidentally damage them during the remodeling process. It is helpful to mark these areas with paint or tape so you can avoid them during construction. During the renovation, you will most likely have to shut off your water and electricity, so be sure to prepare accordingly. It is also a good idea to have a wet/dry shop vac on hand to clean up any spills or drips that occur during the project.

Another thing to consider is if you are going to need to hire professional water damage restoration services to remove and repair any water damage that occurs during the remodel. This can add a significant cost to your renovation and may require extra permits from your local building department.

The final step is determining how you want your finished bathroom to look. This will help you select the right materials and finishes. Once you have a clear picture of what you want, it is time to reach out to contractors to get started on the project.

If you are planning to install electrical outlets in your bathroom, it is essential to assess your needs. Consider the number and types of devices you plan to use in the space, as well as how often they will be used. For example, teens using curling irons and hair dryers simultaneously may require more electric outlets than adults who shower in the same time frame. It is also a good idea to assess the power capacity of your current electrical circuits and determine whether you need to add more.

Adding outlets in the bathroom can increase its functionality and convenience, but it’s important to keep in mind safety regulations. The National Electric Code requires outlets in bath areas to be GFCI (ground-fault circuit interrupter) outlets. This helps prevent shock and electrocution by shutting off power if an accident occurs. It is also recommended that all outlets in the bathroom be grounded outlets.

Lighting is a key design element that can enhance your bathroom’s style and ambience. There are many options for lighting, including recessed, pendant, and sconce lights. You can also add dimmers to control the amount of light you want in your bathroom.

In the case of a full bathroom remodel, it is usually necessary to replace or upgrade your electrical panel. This can be a messy job, but it is an important step that will ensure the safe operation of your new bathroom.

It is also a good time to check whether you need additional breaker boxes in your home or need to upgrade existing ones. Then, you can have a licensed electrician perform the required work.

Before your bathroom renovation begins, you’ll need to prepare for construction by moving items out of the way and covering any furniture or belongings. Dust and debris can get everywhere, so it’s best to clear out the space and protect what isn’t being replaced.

You should also familiarize yourself with rules regarding permits and zoning requirements. You’ll likely need a permit for any changes to your bathroom’s structure, plumbing, or electrical work. However, simple improvements like replacing the sink or installing new flooring do not typically require a permit.

Decorative accents are the finishing touches that take your bathroom from 95% done to 100% complete. Adding art or framed photos, a new rug or towels, even a flower pot bring warmth and style to the space and allow you to personalize the remodel.

However, don’t get carried away with overdoing it. Your bathroom will be subjected to a lot of wear and tear, including big temperature changes, humidity swings, and water exposure, so it needs to be able to stand up to that sort of abuse while still looking nice.

A common mistake made by homeowners during a remodel is to add too many fixtures and extras, often at the expense of the basic functionality of the room. A shower with a multi-head head or a vanity that holds multiple sinks can create a chaotic, inefficient design that’s difficult to clean. A simple, efficient layout is much easier to maintain over time.

Another way to cut costs on a remodeling project is by using less expensive materials for the plumbing fixtures and fittings. However, if you opt to go with an all-new set of plumbing fixtures, be sure to look for ones that are WaterSense-qualified and will save on energy and water use.

As a general rule, it’s best to leave the existing drain and plumbing lines in place whenever possible. This helps keep costs down and allows the remodeler to spot any problems before they become more costly to fix.

Also, avoid relocating key items like the toilet. Changing the location of the toilet can result in serious plumbing complications and cost you more than you’d expect.

While it may seem like a luxury, it’s a good idea to incorporate some elements of Universal Design into your remodel so you can adjust the room for future needs. For example, having a handrail in the shower or blocking in the walls for future support bars can make your bathroom more adaptable and help you live in your home longer.